Copenhagenize Glen Lennox Report 1 June 2018-ALL-optimized - page 8

GLEN LENNOX
BICYCLE STRATEGY
8
A CHANGING
AMERICAN LANDSCAPE
O
ver the past half century, American communities
have undergone an urban transformation, with
family-focused, lower density neighborhoods
emerging close to – and on the periphery of major urban
centres across the nation. A rise in the number of these
communities presented American families and individuals
with many new opportunities: the freedom and choice to
escape the bustle of high-density urban centres, purchase a
home with some land, live closer to nature, and easily access
essential goods and services by automobile. Spurred by a
surge in popularity, lower density communities have rapidly
shaped the modern American landscape.
With opportunity came new difficulties, as the develop-
ment of lower density communities created new transpor-
tation, environmental, health and lifestyle challenges for
a changing America. Today, the demographic makeup in
these neighborhoods are not the same as when they were
newly-established communities, which brings a whole host
of new challenges. Modern household makeup, lifestyle
choices, and transportation behaviors reflect modern cir-
cumstances.
Traffic Increase
Successful low and medium density community design was
built upon the assumption that every family and household
owned a personal automobile to easily access work, retail,
and recreation destinations. These communities offered
desirable residential neighborhoods, but required almost
every trip to be taken by personal vehicle. This auto-centric
community design has promoted the increase of American
vehicular ownership but also introduced car-dependency
challenges. An abundance of vehicular traffic has led to
an increase in commuting time. The 2017
American Community Survey found that
“the nation has experienced an increase in
commuting time”, and is increasing each year.
These figures highlight intensified traffic
volumes, congestion, and an imminent need for
innovative solutions in cities across the nation.
Household Change
The United States Census indicates that during the rise
of lower density communities in the 1950s, nearly 80% of
American households consisted of families with an average
of 3.7 members. This flourishing of American family life
fueled the demand for lower density
communities with family-oriented
housing design. Fast forward to
today, where less than 50% of
American households consist of
married couples with children, family
sizes are decreasing and there is a
growing trend of individuals living
independently or together in households. In 2017, at least
30% of American households were not nuclear families,
reflecting the new modern realities of American life. This
shift in household composition presents new housing
and transportation demands; more options are needed to
reflect the modern diversity of American lifestyle choices.
Neighborhood planning in the 21st
Century requires 21st Century solutions
for a modern generation of renters,
homebuyers and citizens. Glen Lennox
is perfectly positioned to be a beacon
for innovative community design from
both real estate, mobility and urban
planning perspectives. Understanding
the historical context of the Glen Lennox
project vision brings to light the impor-
tance of developing modern communi-
ties with intelligent mobility goals.
1.1
INTRODUCTION
Less than 50% of
American households
consist of married
couples with children
The nation has
experienced
an increase in
commuting time
1,2,3,4,5,6,7 9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,...97
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